Merits of Planning

Well-developed project plans--especially those that plan the project's management before planning the project--ensure that project teams deliver results that meet their stakeholders' budget, schedule, quality, and scope requirements. Such planning is particularly important on government projects because such projects often lack clear lines of authority. This article examines the effort to realize Holyrood, the new home of the Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh, Scotland, a project that exceeded its budget ten fold and its schedule by five years. In doing so, it identifies the principle that caused this project to fail and the practice that could have enabled the project team to perform better. It discusses the factors that hindered the project's development and influenced its outcome; it explains the project decisions which generated much controversy and caused this effort to fail, decisions such as using a construction manager who took no responsibility for the deliverable, concurrently executing multiple proj
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