The CRAM system
a new PM system in the Chinese construction industry
As part of an economic reform program, a new management system began in China's construction industry in 1988: Construction Project Administration and Management (CRAM). This article gives a brief history of the Chinese construction industry leading up to the CRAM system and provides a comprehensive definition of CRAM and its two inclusive parts: Governmental Administration of Construction Projects (GACP) and Professional Management of Construction Projects (PMCP). GACP supervises and administers the construction work, and PMCP includes the supervision and management of the contractors' actions during construction, working through a Professional Project Manager (PPM). The PPM has the tasks of cost control, scheduling, and quality, as well as responsibilities to the owner of the construction project, the designer, the builder, the industry, and the public.