there's no shortage of risks to be managed during large outdoor public events
Whether a political rally, concert or marathon, outdoor public spectacles can draw tens of thousands or even millions of people. Some events, such as a visit by the pope, are planned months in advance and require highly orchestrated security operations. Pope Francis' visit to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA last September , for example, required the largest security operation in U.S. history. But other public events are planned and executed in less than a week -- posing extra challenges to project managers tasked with ensuring all goes smoothly and safely.