Knowledge entrainment and project management

understanding project management as knowledge integration under time pressure

Knowledge integration is critical for the effectiveness of technology- and knowledge-based industries. However, previous research has paid limited interest to its preconditions and mechanisms. In particular, we argue that the dynamic aspects of knowledge integration need to be better understood to be able to enhance understanding of two basic questions for project management research: why do projects exist and what is the role of project management? To address the dynamic aspects of knowledge integration in projects, this paper elaborates on the notion of “knowledge entrainment” as particularly valuable for the study of knowledge integration involving the coordination of multiple problem-solving cycles and distributive knowledge bases. The notion of knowledge entrainment emphasizes the dynamic and evolving nature of knowledge and is especially imperative for the effectiveness of knowledge integration under time conditions, such as those found in projects, task forces, and cross-functional teams. This paper ou
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