Organizing by projects

a strategy for local development--the case of NGOs in a developing country

North and South nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) have been "partners" in international development for more than a decade. Studies have documented their approaches and strategies, yet little is known about how they organize and how their projects help them to achieve their mission. The authors propose a contextualized and historical perspective to better understand how and why NGOs organize by projects, and how this strengthens their strategy and commitment to local development. The authors discuss the importance of considering not only the project but also the organization that implements it when understanding project processes and results. In this article, the authors seek to understand NGOs' embeddedness in their local sociopolitical environment and to shed some light on how organizing by projects becomes a strategy for local development. Implications for further research are also presented.
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