Application of the PM model to constructed projects in developing areas
Much of the more than (US)$40 billion annually distributed to developing countries for development initiatives finances projects that unnecessarily fail, projects that fail because of one of three reasons: failure in economic policy, failure in project design, and lack of institutional capacity. This article examines the reasons behind these failures. In doing so, it identifies the eleven reasons why projects in developing countries fail and the two factors that most significantly influence project success: effective leadership and strategic planning. It also lists the seven objectives common to development projects. It then details the six functions of a project management framework for working in developing countries, a framework that involves project structure, project planning, information systems, project control, contract administration, and project communication, coordination, and integration.