Exploring PMOs through community of practice theory
This article explores project management offices (PMOs) through community of practice theory, which leads to the research question "What are communities of PMOs?" Preliminary results from a national health care case study are used to confirm the legitimacy of this approach. Today's knowledge-based economy calls for mechanisms to share knowledge. As PMOs show a wide variety of configurations, communities of PMOs might as well show this diversity where practices will differ depending on PMO functions and characteristics. In our research, cultural groups could be identified at two levels: the country and the communities of PMOs. The issue of making more with less is at stake to reuse good practices, support innovative practice, and prevent the reinvention of the wheel. Members of these communities are at the heart of the learning process. The originality of this research is that it sheds light on PMOs in a new theoretical perspective within the field of knowledge management.