a cultural literary review
The project management literature published over the past 50 years has repeatedly identified time, budget, and quality as the criteria for defining project success or failure. What this literature also found was that project outcome is often determined by the people realizing the project, by their professional and personal skills and experience, by their distinct cultural backgrounds--ancestral, social, organizational. This paper examines the attention the recent literature devotes to cultural identity. It first surveys the expanse of previously published research on project management culture before outlining the methods and criteria used in this study, an effort which analyzed abstracts of 514 culture-related papers published in the International Journal of Project Management (IJPM), 256 culture-related papers published in the Project Management Journal (PMJ), and 93 books on project management culture recognized by the Library of Congress.