The changing bias of project management research
a consideration of the literatures and an application of extant theory
As the field of project management matures, so too are its professionals expanding their focus on how they practice and how they perceive the activities involved in managing projects. This article examines two current trends in project management: a shift from studying the processes and tools used to realize projects to a focus on investigating the social and behavioral aspects involved in managing project stakeholders and projects; the effort to develop a theory of project management. In doing so, it overviews the field's evolution as viewed through its literature, from its early focus on using tools and techniques to current studies on managing the behavioral aspects of project stakeholders and on developing a theoretical foundation for understanding and managing projects. It discusses the problems associated with managing project teams in turbulent environments and working in the dynamic conditions of today's increasingly global marketplace.