An empirical identification of project management toolsets and a comparison among project types
This article presents the results of an empirical investigation of project management practice. It addresses these two research questions: Are project management practices, tools, and techniques used in a cluster or groups? Does the level of use vary by project type? The practice of project management is investigated through the study of the extent of use of a large number of practices, tools, and techniques specific to project management. The objective of this article is to empirically explore the existence of the specialized toolsets as they are used by the community of project management practitioners. It compares the levels of toolset use between project types, illustrating how the toolsets can be useful in providing an overall high-level view for the study of practice in a condensed format. Nineteen toolsets are identified and the composition of each toolset is presented. A sample of 2,339 practitioners participating in a large-scale international empirical survey is used for this article.