Project management trilogy challenges in Africa--where to from here ?
Project failures in Africa are creating a focus on the need to change the way projects are managed. While projects are now recognized as a means to achieve competitive advantage in Africa, project management still remains a Cinderella field. On average, 8 out of 10 project managers are accidental or have an inadequate project management (PM) knowledge base; PM training is falling short of some fundamental knowledge areas; and organizations that are supposed to be centered on programs and portfolios are, in practice, project-oriented organizations by default. This paper discusses the causes for project failure and identifies the umbrella dimensions which the failed projects depict. It then overviews the African project failure symptoms. There are three causes of the symptoms, and they are referred to in this paper as PM trilogy challenges. Each of the three project failures are discussed and the project management orthodoxy thinking is revealed.