Relative effectiveness of different project structures
There are several types of structures available for organizing a project team. Each one has its strengths and weaknesses. And each one can significantly affect a project's outcome. This article discusses a two-year-long empirical study examining the relationship between project structure and project outcome, a study that involved a survey of 1,600 PMI members to obtain information about their experiences working on projects, information that the researchers used to assess the effectiveness of different project structures. It explains the study's methodology and details each of the five project structures examined, structures that include the functional, functional matrix, balanced matrix, project matrix, and project team. It then analyzes the participant responses aggregately as well as in relation to three types of projects: construction, new products, and new services and processes. It concludes by identifying five key findings on the relationship between project structure and project effectiveness.