An empirically grounded search for a typology of project management offices

Typologies provide researchers and practitioners with systems for classifying complex phenomena, such as species, human behavior, and organizations. This article examines an empirical study to develop a typology for classifying multi-project project management offices (PMOs). In doing so, it identifies the PMBOK Guide's definition of a PMO; it describes the authors' multi-phase, multi-method approach to analyzing 500 global PMOs. It lists the factors comprising three classes of descriptive PMO variables and explains the authors' data analysis strategy; it discusses the process and challenges involved in creating baselines for developing typologies of PMOs. It also defines four groups of organizational characteristics that can significantly determine a PMO's nature. It then outlines six factors which researchers and practitioners can use to classify PMOs, detailing the ways that each factor's variables can convey a PMO's nature and influence its organizational perception.
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