Disciplined Agile (DA) includes strategies to effectively address risk, not just manage it, throughout the tool kit. There are strategies to address risk at the team level and throughout your enterprise.
Addressing Risk Within Agile Teams
Disciplined Agile (DA) has several team-level risk mitigation strategies built in:
- The Address Risk process goal. The Address Risk process goal captures a number of potential strategies to address risk at the team level.
- Risk-based milestones. The DA approach is to have consistent, risk-based milestones addressed by teams, as appropriate, to provide leadership with visibility and collaboration points into the teams that they oversee. This enables better governance and increases the opportunities to address risk effectively.
- Support for a risk-value life cycle. DAD promotes a risk-value life cycle approach where we recommend that risk be considered when prioritizing work in addition to stakeholder value—many agile methods focus just on value to their detriment. Figure 1 summarizes the risk-value profile for a DAD team, showing how DAD teams address a lot of risk very early in the life cycle via addressing the Stakeholder Vision and Proven Architecture milestones. Figure 2 compares the risk profile/burndown of a typical DAD team with that of a typical Scrum team (which only takes a value-driven life cycle) and a typical traditional team that pushes a lot of risk to the very end of the life cycle.
- Support for ordered ways of working (WoW). Within each process goal diagram many of the decision points have ordered option/choice lists. This makes the lower-risk ways of working explicit because the more effective options tend to be toward the top of the ordered lists.