Project Management Institute

Capturing project requirements and knowledge

A requirement is the capability needed for describing a project's product; requirements are usually notated as product specifications.The process of requirements specification is very important because when requirements are poorly captured or managed, scope creep can occur and imperil project success.This article describes how to develop a complete and valid model for a requirements knowledge structure, which then becomes the input to project scope management processes. Instead of using checklists to gather requirements, the use of different formats (prose, diagrams, physical prototypes) is encouragedto help eliminate ambiguity. Requirements become a form of organizational knowledge that projects can capture and reuse to leverage future projects.
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