Handling project uncertainties and change using the successive principle
The Lichtenberg Successive Principle, first applied in Europe in 1970, is an integrated decision support methodology that can be used for conceptualizing, planning, justifying, and executing projects. The five basic steps are: 1) identify the evaluation subject and purpose; 2) form the evaluation team; 3) identify, quantify, and rank the central uncertainty factors; 4) successively break down the most critical factors to reduce uncertainty; and 5) present the results and make the decision. Successful case studies are provided of winning a high-tech systems program contract and the construction of a high-tech, multi-use arena project. The Successive Principle exemplifies the new management model that is based on holistic, systems thinking, probabilistic methods, and the use of competent professional teams.