Project categorization systems and their use in organizations

an empirical study

This paper presents a summary of the results of an investigation of project categorization systems initiated and supported by the Project Management Institute. The primary focus of this research project has been the study of project categorization systems as they are used in practitioner organizations.In any organization that undertakes a large number of projects, the description of the portfolio of projects requires the identification of types of projects undertaken and the use of labels to name the different types. These labels are the project characteristics that form the basis of a project categorization system. All organizations that manage an appreciable number of projects have a system of categories for describing and managing their set of projects, whether the system be explicit and formalized or implicit and informal. To a large extent, the project management community centers what little attention this topic receives on the identification of appropriate categories into which projects should be sor
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