A systematic approach to project termination
Terminating a project is a project in itself. Because of this, project managers need a process for successfully closing out their project. This article outlines such a process, one that structures the project termination phase into two main areas--the intellectual and the emotional. It discusses these areas in relation to the scope of the project managers mission and abilities. In doing so, it outlines specific guidelines and tools for resolving the problems associated with terminating projects; it differentiates between natural terminations and unnatural terminations. It also explains the difficulty in finishing a project and details the emotional and intellectual problems--for both the project staff and the client--in terminating projects. It then outlines solutions for these problems and discusses these in relation to how project managers can use these to bring their projects to successful termination.