Project Management Institute

Teamwork--is it one word or two ?

Project management in a 1990s matrix team environment

Teams that work well together are capable of achieving successful outcomes. This article discusses how project managers can build effective project teams and establish project environments that encourage teamwork. In doing so, it explores the five phases of a project team's life cycle, which the author identified from observing a case-study project team; it examines this life cycle in relation to the five phases of human life: conception, infancy, childhood, adolescence, and maturity. It defines each lifecycle phase in relation to raising a child and in relation to managing a project team, describing the factors that enable project teams to function well. It also identifies the functions and activities that project managers must perform during each lifecycle phase, noting how and why organizations are now shifting from functional structures to matrix structures.
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