The upward spiral
learning, knowledge, wisdom
As a byproduct of research into artificial intelligence, much as been learned about how individuals acquire and use knowledge. This has given rise to the discipline of knowledge management and the concept of the learning organization. Information is comprised of raw data that has been filtered for relevance. The learning process further refines that information into knowledge, or understanding and a sense of the whole picture. Knowledge that has been tested by experience and translated into context becomes wisdom, which is a grasp of underlying principles harnessed to a sense of purpose. This article also introduces a project management learning curve model developed by Mark A. Seely and Quang P. Duong; the model moves through the four stages of management by rules, by methods, by objectives, and finally, by values.