Calculating project management's return on investment
This paper describes a procedure that can help managers measure their return on investment for project management (PM/ROI). Current PM processes and practices of 38 different companies and government agencies in 4 different industries or application areas were quantitatively examined. A PM benchmarking procedure was developed and used to assess the PM process maturity of these different organizations. A 5-level Berkeley PM process maturity model is introduced. This information is used to measure the relative sophistication and maturity of different organizations and industries.